Story Board Teaching
Story board teaching method is a graphic organizer that plans a classroom. Storyboards are a powerful way to visually present information, the linear direction of cells perfect for storytelling, explaining a process, and showing the passage of time. At their core, storyboards are a set of sequential drawings to tell a story. By breaking a story into linear, bite-sized chunks, it allows the writer to focus on each cell separately without being distracting.
A story board is basically a series of drawings or pictures intended to preview a movie, animation, motion picture or interactive media such as a website. The story boarding process, as it is known today, developed at Walt Disney Studios in the early 1930s, after several years at Walt Disney Studios and several other animation studios following a similar narrative process over the years. A storyboard is a graphic organizer that describes a narrative.
Storyboards appear in many forms, from emerging literacy books to emergency instructions on air-places to technical textbooks. When writers in various fields want to make ideas easily understood, they choose a storyboard format or one of its close cousins: the flow chart, the time line, or the PowerPoint presentation. Storyboards are widely used because we know pictures combined with text offer a rich synthesis of information that can entertain and inform. The pictures in picture writing can be simple cartoons, photographs, or sophisticated technical diagrams.
Elements of Story Board Teaching Method
The story board teaching method generally has four elements. The four elements can be explained together in their outline. These four elements are as follows-
(1) Objective:- Purpose means the point for which the storyboard is developed. The goals and objectives of the teaching determine the purpose of the teaching storyboard. The focus of the storyboard is supposed to be the focal point.
(2) Structure:- Steps are explained in the structure of storyboard. Under this, the sequence of actions and arrangement of devices is determined. Activities are arranged in such a way that such conditions of learning can be created and through which the objectives can be achieved. The pattern of interaction between the students and the teacher is arranged in a hierarchical manner.
(3) Social System:- Education is a social process, so the actions of student and teacher and their mutual relations are determined in this step. The techniques of providing motivation to the students are also considered. The social system has a special importance in making teaching effective. Controlling the behavior of students and bringing about the desired behavior changes in them is also based on the social system. Each model of teaching has its own distinct social system. The design of the social system depends on the goal of the model.
(4) Supporting system:- This last step of the storyboard of teaching is considered more important. In this, the decision is taken regarding the success of teaching whether the objectives have been achieved or not. Based on this, the effectiveness of the teaching matrix and the strategies used is known and improvements and changes can be brought about in them. The purpose of each model is different. Hence the evaluation method also differs.
Steps of Story Board Teaching Method
In the context of storyboard pedagogy, Herbert follows Apperceptive Mass Theory in learning. This theory holds that knowledge is given from outside and it keeps on accumulating. If teaching is done by relating new knowledge to the previously accumulated knowledge, then learning becomes effective and permanent. The teaching of new content should be arranged in a sequence so that the students can establish relation with the previous knowledge. For this this system is followed- (1) Planning (2) Presentation (3) Comparison and Similarity (4) Generalization and (5) Experiment
(1) Planning:- The teacher brings the elements of the text into his conscious mind. Arranges them in sequence.
(2) Presentation:- The teacher presents the new facts by establishing relation with the previous knowledge of the students. Makes presentations with the help of developmental and comprehension questions.
(3) Comparison and Similarity:- Students are made to relate the new facts with the previous facts.
(4) Generalization:- In this step the student tries to include two or more facts from which he can draw any learning.
(5) Experimentation:- In this stage, the teacher presents such situations in which the student can apply the knowledge learned from his elements.
Outline of Storyboard Teaching Method
Based on these five steps, a storyboard teaching methodology has been designed. Its main aspects are as follows-
- Subject, Case, Class, Department, Period and Date.
- General Purpose.
- specific objective.
- purpose statement.
- Presentation Developmental Questions.
- Developmental question.
- The explanation.
- Blackboard abstract.
- Repetition questions and
These same points are followed in story board teaching method. These points are discussed as follows-
(1) Subject, class and topic etc:- There is a specification and demarcation of storyboard method. First of all, the topic is selected and at what level teaching should be done, the date of teaching, class and department are predetermined. In which school the teaching will be done, it is also mentioned.
(2) General Objectives:- On the basis of the first points, general objectives are determined. The general objectives of language, science, mathematics and social subjects are different. The same topic of the same subject is used for teaching at different levels but its general objectives are different. Lesson planning is helpful in achieving general objectives, but only specific objectives can be achieved by teaching for a period.
(3) Specific objectives:- With the help of storyboard, some specific objectives can be achieved, which are related to general objectives. The lesson plan of social subjects gives information about facts and information. Skills are developed through language teaching. Science and mathematics give understanding of concepts and develop the ability to know cause-effect. In this way, specific objectives are set based on the nature of the subject matter.
(4) Introduction:- The introduction of how the teacher will start his lesson in the storyboard method is prepared. In the introduction, with the help of questions related to previous knowledge to the students, is brought on the new topic. It requires more understanding. Introductory level questions are taken for the role of the topic in starting the lesson.
(5) Objective Statement:- With the help of introduction level questions, the teacher gets the students to get the topic out and gives a statement of the topic that today we will study this topic.
(6) Developmental questions:- After the objective statement, when the teacher starts the lesson through the storyboard, he asks questions to present the topic, which are called developmental questions. Such questions are important for logical development in the lesson.
(7) Explanation:- When the students are not able to answer the developmental questions clearly. At that time the teacher gives his statement to explain them.
(8) Blackboard Abstract:- The teacher marks the teaching points and their interpretation on the blackboard. In mathematics, science, language teaching, teachers go on writing together and in social subjects, the blackboard summary is also given at the end.
(9) Repetition question:- Students also write down the blackboard abstract in the answer sheets, after that the teacher erases the blackboard abstract. Asks questions to repeat and practice the topic. With the help of these questions, knowledge is solidified, and ideas are given systematic form. It gives a sense of how much the students have learned.
(10) Homework:- The teacher also gives homework on that topic. Its purpose is also to practice and repeat, homework also gives opportunity to the students for ass ilation. The student also has to practice and self-study.
Importance of Storyboard Teaching Method
- They can be used to achieve specific objectives in the educational system of schools. Through them education can be made more meaningful and effective.
- Only specific models can be used in the teaching of different subjects in schools.
- Storyboards are developed to develop social, personal, cognitive and practical aspects. Therefore, they can be used to achieve all the objectives of education.
- Storyboard is currently at trial stage. On the basis of these teaching principles can be formulated.
- These storyboards can be used to draw analogous experiences and create more effective models for the Indian situation.
- Storyboards present a vast area for research work in the teaching process, through which the process of teaching can be understood and its variables can be mentioned.
- In teaching methods, priority is given to the content, whereas in teaching storyboards, priority is given to objectives, which can make learning more meaningful and useful.
- Various situations in relation to teaching and learning activities can be studied thoroughly.
- Storyboards can be developed to solve the problems of classroom teaching in Indian situation.
- In order to effectively use psychological powers in teaching, a new story board can be developed.
- Evaluation system of education can be developed through storyboards.
Storyboard Tips For Effective eLearning
Storyboards are not inherently difficult. As the description above shows, the concept is not difficult to grasp. However, executing a good storyboard can be difficult-what information should you include and what to leave out? So, let's look at the 8 tips that will guarantee to help you create a good storyboard in no time.
1. Know What You Want to Achieve
Even before you begin working on the storyboard, you need to consider what you want to achieve with the eLearning. What is the purpose of the lesson or the course? Outline the outcomes that your students should obtain by the end of the eLearning experience. If you know what your objective, it's much easier to focus on the right content.
One interesting point is to also consider the role of social media in your eLearning course. It can actually sit well with your existing strategy and you could use similar structuring options as part of your storyboard as well.
2. Have All Of Your Content Ready
Make sure you have all the course materials in front of you and already selected before you begin creating a storyboard. You can't create an effective experience if you keep adding things to your eLearning lessons in the middle of it all. Always have the material ready and have an overall idea of what you would want to use. It is possible to remove certain elements as you are building the storyboard, but you don't ever want to have to do this once you are essentially already finished.
3. Break The Goal Into Smaller Objectives
You have already set the main objective for your course but you also need to think the smaller objectives that work towards this main goal. Whether it is by lessons or indeed by the hour-you need to have smaller learning objectives set. A good way to incorporate these into your storyboard is by ensuring each side or square in your storyboard has its own objective. Each action, task, reading, and so on should have a meaning-something that pushes towards the main objective.
4. Measure Your Students
The storyboard should also focus on assessing your students. What are the things that tell you the students are learning? You should incorporate the different assessment criteria to your storyboard and. ensure it includes plenty of pauses for measuring how well your students are doing.
5. Use Different Elements As Part Of Your Storyboard
To enhance learning, the lessons must be engaging in different levels. Everyone learns a bit differently and therefore, you need to ensure the process isn't narrow and focused on just one method. Make sure your storyboard actively uses different design elements that support different ways of learning. Include videos, and interactions, utilize quizzes and play with text and images.
6. Find A Proper Storyboard Template
You don't have to create a storyboard from scratch. Indeed, it can save a lot of time and money to opt for a template and to customize it according to your needs.
7. Finalize With An Authoring Tool
Aside from using a template, you might also want to add in authoring tool to your storyboard. This will help to streamline all the different components and ensure the elements stick together to create a coherent learning experience. There are plenty of options out there from Ubuntu to Articulate Storyline. The key is to conduct a bit of research before you get pick your favorite. When you are analyzing the different tools, you want to focus on things such as the type of content you are going to include in the storyboard, the time line you are utilizing and the kind of budget you are working with. It is possible to find cheap authoring tools online but you do have to keep your eyes open and look around a little. Always look for software vouchers before you buy an authoring tool.
8. Test Your Storyboard
Don't just create a storyboard and then use it with your students. For the most effective experience, it's always best to test it out on a few students or your friends and family. Listen to the feedback and assess how you felt the storyboard performed. Don't be afraid to tweak it-it's possible that your first attempts won't work but if you keep exploring your will find the methods that best work for you and your students.